Tapioca pearls 珍珠 Zhēn zhū: The most common kind of pearls are these cassava root starch-based pearls, dark in color and chewy.
Boba pearls 波霸 Bō bà: There are chewy boba and popping boba. Chewy boba is made from the same thing as tapioca pearls but might be a different color and maybe smaller in size depending on the bubble tea shop. Popping boba is a fruit juice filled pearl, the outside “container” so to speak is made from seaweed extract.
Sago 西米 Xī mǐ: Made from sago palm starch, it is very similar to the flavor and texture consistency of the tapioca pearls, but the pearls may or may not be smaller in size.
Grass jelly 凉粉 Liáng fěn: This jelly is made using the plant and has a mild and slightly bitter taste.
Pudding jelly 布丁 Bù dīng: This jelly is like a jellied version of vanilla pudding.
Coconut jelly 椰果 Yē guǒ: Made from coconut flesh, a lighter alternative to the sugar-heavy pearls.
Lychee jelly 荔枝冻 lì zhī dòng: Made from coconut flesh and an added lychee flavor.
Red beans 红豆 Hóng dòu: Sweet red beans, a common dessert item in Asia.
Taro pieces 香芋 Xiāng yù: Chunks of the sweet, starchy potato-ish purple vegetable, taro.